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c10,000 BC

Ice retreats as the last glacial period ends

c10,000 BC

See our page on "Origins"

Ice retreats as the last glacial period ends

© Yury Shirokov | Dreamstime.com

c6400-3200 BC

Anglesey becomes an island; rising sea levels fill the Menai Strait

c6400-3200 BC

Click here to learn more about Anglesey's "Origins"

Anglesey becomes an island; rising sea levels fill the Menai Strait

Sunset over Welsh mountains; © Steve Silver Smith | Dreamstime.com

c6000 BC

Hunters camp at Trwyn Du, Aberffraw. They leave behind sharpened flint blades discovered there in 1956

c6000 BC

See our page on "Origins"

Hunters camp at Trwyn Du, Aberffraw. They leave behind sharpened flint blades discovered there in 1956

Artist's depiction of life in Mesolithic Wales; © Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum of Wales

c4000-2000 BC

Neolithic Anglesey settlers use large stones to build burial chambers and henges at sites like Lligwy, Bryn Celli Ddu...

c4000-2000 BC

To learn about Anglesey's "Origins"

Neolithic Anglesey settlers use large stones to build burial chambers and henges at sites like Lligwy, Bryn Celli Ddu and Barclodiad y Gawres

Artist's impression of construction of Llugwy Burial Chamber, by Jane Durant; © Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

c4000-2000 BC

The island’s first farmers clear large areas of forest with stone axes

c4000-2000 BC

Click here to learn more about Anglesey's "Origins"

The island’s first farmers clear large areas of forest with stone axes

© Audiffret | Dreamstime.com

c2500-2000 BC

Islanders raise tall standing stones at many sites, such as Penrhosfeilw, near Trearddur Bay

c2500-2000 BC

Click here to read about Anglesey's Origins

Islanders raise tall standing stones at many sites, such as Penrhosfeilw, near Trearddur Bay

Penrhosfeilw today; © Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

c2000 BC

The ‘Beaker’culture spreads across Europe. (It takes its names from patterned pottery found in graves, such as at Porth...

c2000 BC

Click here to learn more about Anglesey's "Origins"

The ‘Beaker’culture spreads across Europe. (It takes its names from patterned pottery found in graves, such as at Porth Dafarch)

GNU Free Documentation License; Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

c2000 BC

Miners work the copper seams at Parys Mountain. Evidence includes stone hammers and carbon-dated charcoal

c2000 BC

Click here to read about Anglesey's Origins

Miners work the copper seams at Parys Mountain. Evidence includes stone hammers and carbon-dated charcoal

Artist's image of prehistoric copper mining; © Great Orme Copper Mines

c1200-1100 BC

Anglesey people begin to use metal objects like bronze axes and gold bracelets, trading with Ireland and southern...

c1200-1100 BC

Click here to read about Anglesey's Origins

Anglesey people begin to use metal objects like bronze axes and gold bracelets, trading with Ireland and southern Britain

© Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum of Wales

c800 BC

The Iron Age. Smiths now make widespread use of iron, forging tools and weapons

c800 BC

The Iron Age. Smiths now make widespread use of iron, forging tools and weapons

© Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum of Wales

c500 BC

Farmers build a group of about 50 roundhouses on Holyhead Mountain. (People live here on and off over the next 1000...

c500 BC

See our page on "Origins"

Farmers build a group of about 50 roundhouses on Holyhead Mountain. (People live here on and off over the next 1000 years)

Artist's depiction of life in an Iron Age roundhouse, by B Byron for Menter Mon; © Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

c200s BC (to 200 AD)

For centuries, Iron Age people come to a lake (now Llyn Cerrig Bach) to toss in "votive offerings" -- swords,...

c200s BC (to 200 AD)

To learn about Llyn Cerrig Bach, click here

For centuries, Iron Age people come to a lake (now Llyn Cerrig Bach) to toss in "votive offerings" -- swords, spearheads and slave chains

© Nikita Rogul | Dreamstime.com

c1-60 AD

Working in red sandstone, a carver fashions the “Hendy Head” (now in Oriel Ynys Môn). About 25 cm tall, it probably...

c1-60 AD

To learn about Anglesey's "Origins" click here

Working in red sandstone, a carver fashions the “Hendy Head” (now in Oriel Ynys Môn). About 25 cm tall, it probably represents a local god.

Isle of Anglesey County Council

60 AD

The Romans invade Anglesey, killing many and destroying the druids’ sacred groves. The army withdraws to deal with...

60 AD

To see more about the Roman invasion of Anglesey, click here

The Romans invade Anglesey, killing many and destroying the druids’ sacred groves. The army withdraws to deal with Boudicca

19th-century illustration, "Landing of the Romans in Britain"; Eon images

78 AD

The Romans, under Agricola, return to conquer Anglesey. They rule the island from the Roman fort at Segontium...

78 AD

To see more about the Roman invasion of Anglesey, click here

The Romans, under Agricola, return to conquer Anglesey. They rule the island from the Roman fort at Segontium (Caernarfon)

© Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

100-300s AD

Roman engineers construct a road and buildings beside the Menai Strait. (These remains were excavated in 2010-11 at...

100-300s AD

To see more about the Roman invasion of Anglesey, click here

Roman engineers construct a road and buildings beside the Menai Strait. (These remains were excavated in 2010-11 at Llanidan)

British slave labourers build a Roman road, an illustration by Miles Kelly

c100-300s AD

Under a ‘Romano-British’ culture, a wealthy settlement thrives at Din Lligwy. Later finds there include pottery, glass,...

c100-300s AD

To find out more about Din Lligwy click here

Under a ‘Romano-British’ culture, a wealthy settlement thrives at Din Lligwy. Later finds there include pottery, glass, silver and coins

Artist's impression of Iron Age life at Din Llugwy ; © Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

c290-390 AD

The Romans build a naval base on Holy Island

c290-390 AD

To see more about the Roman invasion of Anglesey, click here

The Romans build a naval base on Holy Island

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

300 AD

The Romans legalise Christianity throughout their empire

300 AD

To see more about the Roman invasion of Anglesey, click here

The Romans legalise Christianity throughout their empire

<strong> © <a href='http://www.dreamstime.com/Neilneil_info'>Neil Harrison</a> | <a href='http://www.dreamstime.com/'>Dreamstime.com</a></strong>

c400s AD

Roman power collapses. Irish raiders attack Anglesey

c400s AD

To see more about the Roman invasion of Anglesey, click here

Roman power collapses. Irish raiders attack Anglesey

my work/Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

c450-550

Age of the Saints. Dwynwen, Beuno, Cybi, Pabo, Seiriol and others pray, preach and found churches. Tales about them...

c450-550

To see more about the Celtic Saints on Anglesey, click here

Age of the Saints. Dwynwen, Beuno, Cybi, Pabo, Seiriol and others pray, preach and found churches. Tales about them pass into folklore

Stained glass at Penmon Priory; ©Jean Williamson

c537

King Maelgwn Gwynedd rules Anglesey from Deganwy. Gwynedd in North Wales is one of several small kingdoms across Wales

c537

To find out more about the Kings of Gwynedd click here

King Maelgwn Gwynedd rules Anglesey from Deganwy. Gwynedd in North Wales is one of several small kingdoms across Wales

© Meredid Williams

600s to 1200s

The Kings of Gwynedd establish a royal court at Aberffraw. Later courts include Llys Rhosyr, Cemaes and Llanfaes

600s to 1200s

To find out more about the Kings of Gwynedd click here

The Kings of Gwynedd establish a royal court at Aberffraw. Later courts include Llys Rhosyr, Cemaes and Llanfaes

Llys Rhosyr in medieval times; © Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

c615

Anglo-Saxon Northumbrians defeat an army from Powys and Gwynedd at Chester. The western Britons, or Cymry (Welsh), are...

c615

To find out more about the Kings of Gwynedd click here

Anglo-Saxon Northumbrians defeat an army from Powys and Gwynedd at Chester. The western Britons, or Cymry (Welsh), are isolated

Unnamed 19th c cartographer; public domain; http://www.rossoldbooks.co.uk/Britain.html

630

St. Tysilio founds his church on the small island near the modern town of Menai Bridge

630

Click here to see more about Anglesey's saints

St. Tysilio founds his church on the small island near the modern town of Menai Bridge

St. Tysilio's church today; © http://fotopiaimages.com/

c850 to c1050

Vikings control much of the Irish Sea and its ports. They raid Anglesey repeatedly and settle at places such as...

c850 to c1050

Vikings control much of the Irish Sea and its ports. They raid Anglesey repeatedly and settle at places such as Llanbedrgoch

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

856

King Rhodri the Great of Gwynedd defeats the Vikings in Anglesey. He rules much of Wales

856

See Kingdom of Gwynedd

King Rhodri the Great of Gwynedd defeats the Vikings in Anglesey. He rules much of Wales

© Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

942

Hywel Dda ("the Good"), a southerner and descendant of Rhodri, rules much of Wales. He creates an advanced set of laws

942

To find out more about the medieval kings and princes of Wales click here

Hywel Dda ("the Good"), a southerner and descendant of Rhodri, rules much of Wales. He creates an advanced set of laws

An image of a king from a medieval Welsh law manuscript; © National Library of Wales

971

Vikings attack Penmon Priory

971

Vikings attack Penmon Priory

© Algol | Dreamstime.com

987

Godfrey Haroldson raids Anglesey, killing many and carrying away 2,000 as captives, according to the Brut y Tywysogyon.

987

See more about Anglesey's medieval history

Godfrey Haroldson raids Anglesey, killing many and carrying away 2,000 as captives, according to the Brut y Tywysogyon.

© Alistair Milnes | Dreamstime.com

1075

Gruffudd ap Cynan, heir to the Kingdom of Gwynedd, makes the first of several attempts to wrest the throne from rivals

1075

To find out more about the Kings of Gwynedd click here

Gruffudd ap Cynan, heir to the Kingdom of Gwynedd, makes the first of several attempts to wrest the throne from rivals

© Iakov Filimonov | Dreamstime.com

1080s

Normans invade and raise a motte-and-bailey castle (a high mound with a wooden keep and tall fence) at Aberlleiniog,...

1080s

To find out more about medieval Anglesey, click here

Normans invade and raise a motte-and-bailey castle (a high mound with a wooden keep and tall fence) at Aberlleiniog, near Llangoed

© Menter Mon

1094-98

Gruffudd ap Cynan sacks Aberlleiniog; King Magnus II of Norway attacks the Normans in the strait. Gruffudd regains the...

1094-98

To find out more about medieval Anglesey, click here

Gruffudd ap Cynan sacks Aberlleiniog; King Magnus II of Norway attacks the Normans in the strait. Gruffudd regains the throne

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

1100s - 1200s

Islanders build fine churches in stone across Anglesey. In 1120-70 they rebuild Penmon Priory

1100s - 1200s

To find out more about medieval Anglesey, click here

Islanders build fine churches in stone across Anglesey. In 1120-70 they rebuild Penmon Priory

Artist's impression of the reconstruction of Penmon Priory; © Menter Mon

1157

Owain ap Cynan (‘Owain Gwynedd’) defeats forces sent by Henry II of England, at the Battle of Tâl Moelfre

1157

Owain ap Cynan (‘Owain Gwynedd’) defeats forces sent by Henry II of England, at the Battle of Tâl Moelfre

© Salih Külcü | Dreamstime.com

1179

Rivals kill Owain Gwynedd’s successor Hywel at the Battle of Pentraeth. His brothers Dafydd and Rhodri divide Gwynedd

1179

Rivals kill Owain Gwynedd’s successor Hywel at the Battle of Pentraeth. His brothers Dafydd and Rhodri divide Gwynedd

© Fabrizio Argonauta | Dreamstime.com

1188

Clergyman and writer Gerald of Wales visits Anglesey. He is the first to call it ‘the Mother of Wales’ for its rich...

1188

Clergyman and writer Gerald of Wales visits Anglesey. He is the first to call it ‘the Mother of Wales’ for its rich farmland

© Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

1201

Llywelyn ab Iorwerth (also Llywelyn Fawr, ‘the Great’) signs a treaty with King John of England. In 1205 he weds...

1201

Llywelyn ab Iorwerth (also Llywelyn Fawr, ‘the Great’) signs a treaty with King John of England. In 1205 he weds John's daughter Joan ('Siwan')

Llywelyn Fawr statue in Conwy; © Crown copyright (2012) Visit Wales"

1237

Llywelyn Fawr issues a charter from Llys Rhosyr. During his long and somewhat stable reign (1218-40), he gains control...

1237

Llywelyn Fawr issues a charter from Llys Rhosyr. During his long and somewhat stable reign (1218-40), he gains control of most of Wales

Artist's impression of medieval Llys Rhosyr; © Menter Mon

1240

Builders complete Llanfaes Friary, endowed by Llywelyn Fawr in memory of his wife, Siwan. Llywelyn dies

1240

Builders complete Llanfaes Friary, endowed by Llywelyn Fawr in memory of his wife, Siwan. Llywelyn dies

13th century drawing of Llywelyn with his sons, by Matthew Paris; © The Master and Fellows of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge

1240-1255

Warfare breaks out over succession. The English invade areas. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, grandson of Llywelyn Fawr, fights...

1240-1255

Warfare breaks out over succession. The English invade areas. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, grandson of Llywelyn Fawr, fights for supremacy

Llywelyn ap Gruffudd reenactor; credit to come

1267

At the height of his power, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (aka Llywelyn the Last) signs the Treaty of Montgomery with King Henry...

1267

At the height of his power, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (aka Llywelyn the Last) signs the Treaty of Montgomery with King Henry III of England

Wales after Treaty of Montgomery, by AlexD; Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0

1277

King Edward I of England marches on North Wales and seizes Anglesey's harvest. Welsh Prince Llywelyn ap Gruffudd loses...

1277

King Edward I of England marches on North Wales and seizes Anglesey's harvest. Welsh Prince Llywelyn ap Gruffudd loses land and power

© Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

1282

Llywelyn’s brother Dafydd attacks the English, but Edward I completes his conquest. Anglesey poet Gruffudd ab yr Ynad...

1282

Llywelyn’s brother Dafydd attacks the English, but Edward I completes his conquest. Anglesey poet Gruffudd ab yr Ynad Coch elegises.

Reenactment at Tewkesbury Medieval Festival, by Antony Stanley; Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic

1294

Madog ap Llywelyn leads a revolt, seizing several castles including Caernarfon. Welsh rebels lynch the Sheriff of...

1294

Madog ap Llywelyn leads a revolt, seizing several castles including Caernarfon. Welsh rebels lynch the Sheriff of Anglesey

Caernarfon on fire, by Ivan Lapper; © Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

1295

Edward's men defeat Madog. They evict the Welsh inhabitants from Llanfaes and move them across Anglesey to Newborough.

1295

Edward's men defeat Madog. They evict the Welsh inhabitants from Llanfaes and move them across Anglesey to Newborough.

Edward I of England; © Georgios Kollidas | Dreamstime.com

1295-98

2,000 labourers build Beaumaris Castle, part of Edward's Iron Ring. It's designed by a Savoyard engineer named Master...

1295-98

2,000 labourers build Beaumaris Castle, part of Edward's Iron Ring. It's designed by a Savoyard engineer named Master James of St George

Artist's impression of a finished Beaumaris Castle, by Alan Sorrell; © Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

1300s

The Norris family builds Hafoty, a fine hall-house, at Llansadwrn. (It remains the oldest large dwelling place still...

1300s

The Norris family builds Hafoty, a fine hall-house, at Llansadwrn. (It remains the oldest large dwelling place still standing on the island)

Hafoty; © Cadw, Welsh Government (Crown Copyright)

1330

A great storm buries Newborough in sand. Poet Dafydd ap Gwilym sings its praises, but the town falls on hard times

1330

A great storm buries Newborough in sand. Poet Dafydd ap Gwilym sings its praises, but the town falls on hard times

© Maxim Petrichuk | Dreamstime.com

1400-1405

Owain Glyndwr’s quarrel starts a national uprising. By 1404 he rules areas, holds first Welsh Parliament. English...

1400-1405

Owain Glyndwr’s quarrel starts a national uprising. By 1404 he rules areas, holds first Welsh Parliament. English forces triumph by 1405

Owain Glyndwr statue, Corwen; © Crown copyright (2011) Visit Wales

1414

The English settlers build town walls to defend Beaumaris

1414

The English settlers build town walls to defend Beaumaris

Beaumaris walls in 1610 from John Speed, "The Counties of Britain", 1610; public domain

1429

Son of an Anglesey Glyndwr rebel, Owain Tudor, a London courtier, secretly marries Catherine de Valois, widow of Henry...

1429

Son of an Anglesey Glyndwr rebel, Owain Tudor, a London courtier, secretly marries Catherine de Valois, widow of Henry V of England

© Vitalinko | Dreamstime.com

1485

At Bosworth Field, Henry Tudor, Owain's grandson, kills Richard III and claims the English throne as Henry VII,...

1485

At Bosworth Field, Henry Tudor, Owain's grandson, kills Richard III and claims the English throne as Henry VII, founding a new dynasty

Crowning Henry VII After the Battle of Bosworth, ca. 1899; public domain

1536-1542

The Acts of Union join Wales to England. (The United Kingdom includes Scotland in 1707 and Ireland from 1800)

1536-1542

The Acts of Union join Wales to England. (The United Kingdom includes Scotland in 1707 and Ireland from 1800)

© National Museum Wales

1537-38

King Henry VIII dissolves the monasteries at Penmon and Llanfaes, as a result of his dispute with the Pope

1537-38

King Henry VIII dissolves the monasteries at Penmon and Llanfaes, as a result of his dispute with the Pope

to be filled in

1599

Holyhead is nominated as the official postal port for Ireland

1599

Holyhead is nominated as the official postal port for Ireland

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

1603

David Hughes founds Beaumaris Grammar School. (In 1962 it moved to Menai Bridge as Ysgol David Hughes)

1603

David Hughes founds Beaumaris Grammar School. (In 1962 it moved to Menai Bridge as Ysgol David Hughes)

The former building of Ysgol David Hughes, next to Beaumaris Castle; by Bencherlite, CCASA 3.0

1614

Anglesey Assizes are first held at Beaumaris Courthouse. (Periodic criminal courts are replaced by permanent Crown...

1614

Anglesey Assizes are first held at Beaumaris Courthouse. (Periodic criminal courts are replaced by permanent Crown Courts in 1971)

Inside Beaumaris Courthouse; © Isle of Anglesey County Council

1642

During the Civil War, royalists garrison Beaumaris Castle, but in 1646, Thomas Mytton takes the castle for Parliament.

1642

During the Civil War, royalists garrison Beaumaris Castle, but in 1646, Thomas Mytton takes the castle for Parliament.

Civil War reenactors at St. Fagan's; © National Museum Wales

1691

At the first Menai Bridge Fair, Anglesey farmers sell horses. (Now a funfair with stalls, the event is still held each...

1691

At the first Menai Bridge Fair, Anglesey farmers sell horses. (Now a funfair with stalls, the event is still held each October)

Menai Bridge Fair in about 1910, perhaps by Maurice Price, courtesy Anglesey Archives

1706

Anglesey-born mathematician William Jones is first to use the Greek letter π (pi) to describe circumference and...

1706

Anglesey-born mathematician William Jones is first to use the Greek letter π (pi) to describe circumference and diameter

William Jones by William Hogarth, 1740; public domain

1716

William Trench erects one of the UK’s first lighthouses, on the Skerries, off Anglesey’s NW corner. (He later earns a...

1716

William Trench erects one of the UK’s first lighthouses, on the Skerries, off Anglesey’s NW corner. (He later earns a patent)

Skerries Lighthouse; © Gail Johnson | Dreamstime.com

1732

Henry Rowlands publishes Mona Antiqua Restaurata, an account of ancient Anglesey. It popularises fanciful notions about...

1732

Henry Rowlands publishes Mona Antiqua Restaurata, an account of ancient Anglesey. It popularises fanciful notions about druids.

to be filled in

1734-60

Anglesey squire William Bulkeley writes his diaries, which give a fascinating account of life in Anglesey in the 1700s

1734-60

Anglesey squire William Bulkeley writes his diaries, which give a fascinating account of life in Anglesey in the 1700s

© Department of Manuscripts and Archives, University of Bangor 2010

1748

Non-conformists build Anglesey’s first chapel, Capel Ebenezer at Rhosmeirch. (Chapels then influence social life and...

1748

Non-conformists build Anglesey’s first chapel, Capel Ebenezer at Rhosmeirch. (Chapels then influence social life and culture)

http://www.photosofchurches.com/anglesey-rhosmeirch.html

1284

Anglesey becomes a shire, part of the English administrative system

1284

See our page on the English conquest

Anglesey becomes a shire, part of the English administrative system

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

1768

Miner Roland Puw strikes lucky at Parys Mountain. In the early 1800s, it's the world’s most productive copper mine.

1768

Click here to read more about the Copper Kingdom

Miner Roland Puw strikes lucky at Parys Mountain. In the early 1800s, it's the world’s most productive copper mine.

Artist's reconstruction of mining at Parys Mountain; © Isle of Anglesey County Council

1768–1802

Thomas Williams makes his fortune from the copper mines of Parys Mountain. He was known locally as Twm Chwarae Teg (Tom...

1768–1802

Thomas Williams makes his fortune from the copper mines of Parys Mountain. He was known locally as Twm Chwarae Teg (Tom ‘Fair Play’)

© National Museum of Wales

1776

Miller Herbert Jones opens Llynnon mill at Llanddeusant. (It is the only stone mill to have been restored to working...

1776

Miller Herbert Jones opens Llynnon mill at Llanddeusant. (It is the only stone mill to have been restored to working order, in 1984)

Llynnon Mill; © Isle of Anglesey County Council

1785

The first mail coach runs from London to Holyhead

1785

The first mail coach runs from London to Holyhead

Artist's impression of an early mail coach in Holyhead; © Isle of Anglesey County Council

1787-93

The Parys Mine Company mints 'Anglesey pennies’, recognised as currency by banks in Amlwch, Liverpool, and London

1787-93

The Parys Mine Company mints 'Anglesey pennies’, recognised as currency by banks in Amlwch, Liverpool, and London

© Amlwch Industrial Heritage Trust

1791

Baptist preacher Christmas Evans arrives in Llangefni; he inspires a great non-conformist revival for 35 years

1791

Baptist preacher Christmas Evans arrives in Llangefni; he inspires a great non-conformist revival for 35 years

Christmas Evans by William Roos; © National Museum Wales

1809

Engineer Daniel Alexander builds the first lighthouse on South Stack, a dramatic location guarding the approaches to...

1809

Engineer Daniel Alexander builds the first lighthouse on South Stack, a dramatic location guarding the approaches to Holyhead harbour.

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

1821-26

The A5 road reaches Holyhead, engineered by Thomas Telford. Its octagonal tollhouses become island landmarks

1821-26

The A5 road reaches Holyhead, engineered by Thomas Telford. Its octagonal tollhouses become island landmarks

Old tolls plaque; © Isle of Anglesey County Council

1826

Thomas Telford’s Menai Bridge opens. The world’s first modern suspension bridge, it is high enough for tall ships to...

1826

Thomas Telford’s Menai Bridge opens. The world’s first modern suspension bridge, it is high enough for tall ships to sail beneath

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

1845-73

Workers construct James Meadow Rendel’s great Holyhead breakwater. At nearly 3 km, it is the longest in Britain

1845-73

Workers construct James Meadow Rendel’s great Holyhead breakwater. At nearly 3 km, it is the longest in Britain

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

1846

Beaumaris opens the first pier in Wales, a major tourist attraction

1846

Beaumaris opens the first pier in Wales, a major tourist attraction

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

1849-50

Robert Stephenson and William Fairbairn oversee construction of the magnificent Britannia Bridge.

1849-50

Robert Stephenson and William Fairbairn oversee construction of the magnificent Britannia Bridge.

Britannia Bridge, ca. 1852, from Our Iron Roads: Their History, Construction and Social Influences, by Frederick S. Williams (1852).

1859

The Royal Charter runs onto the rocks off Moelfre; 459 passengers and crew lose their lives. Charles Dickens chronicles...

1859

The Royal Charter runs onto the rocks off Moelfre; 459 passengers and crew lose their lives. Charles Dickens chronicles the aftermath

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

1915

Airships from Mona patrol the Irish Sea, during the First World War

1915

Airships from Mona patrol the Irish Sea, during the First World War

British airships Zero and Parseval; public domain

1939-45

The Second World War. The Royal Navy operates a base at Holyhead, which Germans bomb in 1940. The Saunders-Roe factory...

1939-45

The Second World War. The Royal Navy operates a base at Holyhead, which Germans bomb in 1940. The Saunders-Roe factory in Llanfaes builds flying boats. RAF Valley protects the port of Liverpool, escorts convoys, rescues ships, and receives bombers from North America.

Saunders-Roe SR A1; from the Imperial War Museum, public domain

1943

William Owen Roberts rescues 150 artefacts from Llyn Cerrig Bach, the most important Iron Age find ever in Wales

1943

William Owen Roberts rescues 150 artefacts from Llyn Cerrig Bach, the most important Iron Age find ever in Wales

© National Museum Wales

1948-65

The Forestry Commission plants Newborough Warren with a conifer forest. It stabilises the dunes but alters the ecology...

1948-65

The Forestry Commission plants Newborough Warren with a conifer forest. It stabilises the dunes but alters the ecology of the island

Newborough Forest; © Gail Johnson | Dreamstime.com

1962-71

Builders construct the Wylfa nuclear power station near Cemaes on Anglesey’s north coast

1962-71

Builders construct the Wylfa nuclear power station near Cemaes on Anglesey’s north coast

<div xmlns:cc="http://creativecommons.org/ns#" xmlns:dct="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" about="http://s0.geograph.org.uk/photos/66/82/668216_1aa6bc87.jpg"><span property="dct:title">Outfall from Wylfa Power Station</span> (<a rel="cc:attributionURL" property="cc:attributionName" href="http://www.geograph.org.uk/profile/21646">Anonymous</a>) / <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/">CC BY-SA 2.0</a></div>

1991

Museum and gallery Oriel Ynys Môn opens in Llangefni

1991

Museum and gallery Oriel Ynys Môn opens in Llangefni

© Isle of Anglesey County Council

1992

Archaeologist Neil Johnstone discovers the lost site of Llys Rhosyr, one of the courts of the medieval Welsh kings

1992

Click here to see more about Llys Rhosyr

Archaeologist Neil Johnstone discovers the lost site of Llys Rhosyr, one of the courts of the medieval Welsh kings

Llys Rhosyr excavation; © Menter Mon

2001

The A55 expressway extends to Holyhead, by-passing most of Telford’s old road, the A5

2001

The A55 expressway extends to Holyhead, by-passing most of Telford’s old road, the A5

© Phil Williams; Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license

Key

  • Origins and Prehistory

  • Roman Conquest and Settlement

  • Celtic Saints

  • The Welsh Kings and Princes

  • Anglo-Norman Conquest

  • An Industrial Nation